Manure as fertilizer:the advantages of using manure as a fertilizer. Difference between manure and pellets.
When we talk aboutfertilizing with manurewe refer to a mixture of two basic components: plant residues (straw, hay ... and waste that make up the bedding of livestock) and animal waste. This blend goes through a phase offermentation(that's why we sometimes talk aboutmature manure) which enhances its characteristics.
Manure as fertilizer:fresh, ripe or old
Fresh manure refers to the mixture of plant residues and animal waste without any fermentation or with poor fermentation. Fresh manure is very moist (wet), badly nourishes the soil and is difficult to manage (as well as smelly).
Mature manure is produced after six to nine months of fermentation. Even mature manure has a high amount of humidity but is not wet. The color is more uniform and the two components of the original mixture almost no longer stand out from each other.
Old manure is the most sought after: it is black in color, vegetable residues cannot be distinguished from animal manure because it is a uniform mass.
Manure as a fertilizer:how to make it mature
It is not easy to find mature or old manure, however you can find fresh manure and keep it in the garden from one year to the next.
Fermentation of manure is an indispensable process to enhance its propertiesnatural fertilizer. For the maturation of the manure you need a small space of land to be delimited with four boards and put a very thick plastic sheet on the bottom. The sheet will prevent you from percolating liquids into the soil. The manure must be placed in a heap very carefully: make sure that it can ventilate. Cover the heap with a plastic sheet (the sheet is used to curb the excessive loss of moisture) and if it does not rain for long periods, wet it.
Manure as a fertilizer:advantages
Themanureit is an excellent fertilizer: it brings carbon, oxygen and hydrogen, the main constituents of organic matter. It is able to release good quantities of nitrogen, potassium, phosphorus, magnesium, calcium, sulfur, iron, manganese, zinc, copper and boron to the soil.
These micronutrients are not released as fast as they arechemical fertilizers: the release is gradual so that plants can benefit from it in the long term. Thanks to this feature, manure does not suffer too much fromlosses due to leachingdangerous for groundwater pollution and harmful to plant health.
Betweenadvantagesfundamental of the use ofmanure as a fertilizeris that the soil is enriched not only for the cultural cycle in progress: the fertility provided remains even in the following years! Manure improves the soil structure and provides stable humus.
Differences between manure and manure
Themanureis none other thandried manure (old) and reduced to pellets. Themanureis found on the market in the form of:
- compost ...
In these forms, the manure was partially dehydrated and compressed in the form of flakes, compost or pellets. In this condition, themanurehe loses many of his ownadvantages. It remains a good slow-release fertilizer but it can no longer be considered a soil improver: its effect will last only one crop cycle and will not bring major structural improvements to the soil. The quality of a pelleted manure is incomparable to that of well fermented natural manure, the latter having a powerfertilizergreater.
Manure as fertilizer:equine or bovine
Horse manure (equine) is excellent, especially if well fermented (old) because it is richer in organic matter. The horse is not a ruminant and for this reason it digests cellulose in a very contained way.
Cattle manure is the most widespread and easiest to find, the advantages are those seen above. What makes the difference, however, is also the type of plant residue present.
Themanureit is not the only one natural fertilizer with excellent properties, try to take a look at theuse of Earthworm Humusand the characteristics of the most common ground lupine.
In the photo above, a Lochmann manure spreader.